Category: Geriatric Rehabilitation; Health Services Research
Objective : The purpose of this study was to investigate how cognitive performance impacts health literacy skills and nutritional intake in older adults.
Design : Prospective, cross-sectional design
Setting : Community dwellings
Participants (or Animals, Specimens, Cadavers) : Data were collected from 98 community-dwelling older adults in the Southeast Missouri region. The participants could not have been diagnosed with stroke, dementia, or any other neurodegenerative condition for inclusion in the study.
Main Outcome Measure(s) :
Multiple paper-pencil based standardized questionnaires and surveys were administered to each participant in one 45-minute session. These included a case history form, health literacy questionnaire (HLQ) and the Rapid Geriatric Assessment, which included the subests--Rapid Cognitive Screen (RCS) and Simplified Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ).
Results : Though meaningful associations were noted among HLQ, RCS, and SNAQ scores, the correlations were not significant at 0.05 level of significance. Level of education, age, and gender were also analyzed. Correlation between participant gender and HLQ scores was found to be significant at the p
No significant relationship existed between cognitive performance, health literacy, and nutritional status.
Jayanti Ray– Professor, Southeast MIssouri State University, Cape Girardeau, Missouri