Category: International; International
Objective : To map the prevalence of various disabilities by districts and examine the association with healthcare resource distribution.
Design : A demographic study using Geospatial techniques and secondary data from the census of India
Setting : Not applicable
Participants (or Animals, Specimens, Cadavers) : Census data (2011) from the Government of India.
Interventions : Not applicable
Main Outcome Measure(s) : Geographical distribution of disability, measured using GIS. Various districts are compared based on the prevalence of disability and the availability of resources such as healthcare facilities and barriers to seeking care.
Results : Preliminary results show a difference in the prevalence of various disabilities. Spatial autocorrelation and Global Moran's I test for the distribution of hospitals demonstrated with Z-score of ( 0.67).
Conclusions : Preliminary results indicate that the distribution of healthcare facilities and high prevalence disability areas is not correlated. Ongoing work includes data analysis to study potential relationships between high prevalence areas and socioeconomic status. Getis-Ord G analysis will be performed to identify any spatial clustering. Such data is intended to help redirect resources needed to communities with historically high rates of disabilities.
Savitri Grover– Graduate Student, Saint Louis University, Springfield, Missouri