To investigate the relationship between cognitive function and return to work (RTW) within the first year following traumatic brain injury (TBI), 320 adults enrolled in the TBI Model System National Database who were competitively employed at injury were interviewed at 1 year follow-up. Cognitive status was assessed using the Brief Test of Adult Cognition by Telephone (BTACT). Employment status and RTW time were also assessed. Higher BTACT scores were significantly associated with increased odds of RTW and faster RTW time. Insights from this presentation may help clinicians focus on cognitive remediation or compensation to improve RTW outcomes following TBI.