Most Philippine church historical accounts were prepared by religious congregations, principally the Augustinians, Augustinian Recollects, Dominicans, Franciscans, and Jesuits. The majority of their members were Spaniards. As such, most of the churches and church art created during the Spanish colonial era are credited to them. In a way, such church art has suffered from a certain odium in that they are “reminders of oppression.” To get a more balanced view, it is important to know that a number of churches and liturgical art were built or commissioned by members of the diocesan, also called the secular, clergy. Members of this clergy were subject to the bishop, and not to the provincial in the case of the religious orders. They were largely drawn from both the native and mestizo population. Although the published literature on the local clergy’s role vis-à-vis art is practically nil, leads are gradually turning up in the form of archival sources, piecing together of time lines, and actual examples of architecture and works of art. A number of facades exhibit the papal coat of arms, which was used by the secular clergy. Examples of late 18th works by secular priests are the stone churches of San Luis (Pampanga); Samboan (Cebu); the towers in Tabaco (Albay) and Bulusan (Sorsogon); and the renovation of San Pedro de Makati (Manila). The mestizo priest Casimiro de los Santos was a procurator for church art.