Today, with over 8,500 full and part-time students in three branches in Israel and the United States, the Mir Yeshiva is the largest yeshiva in the world. In summer 1940, however, the future prospects of the Mir Yeshiva seemed very poor. Only several months earlier, the Yeshiva had relocated to Lithuania following the Soviet takeover of the town of Mir in eastern Poland. But now, the entire existence of the Yeshiva was again threatened by a Soviet takeover, this time of Lithuania. The hundreds students of the Mir Yeshiva consisted the largest and most organized single group among the refugees. Following their miraculous rescue, how did members of the Mir Yeshiva view their one year as refugees in Lithuania, their encounter with Sugihara, and their subsequent stay in Japan? How did the visas affect their lives? Fortunately, Mir disciples wrote a number of books and accounts that tell the story of their own and their leaders’ wartime rescue. Since neither Sugihara nor the Dutch honorary consul in Kaunas, Jan Zwartendijk, recounted in detail the story of their visa issuance, the Mir accounts are invaluable and shed a new light on the escape of Jewish refugees to Japan in 1940-41. The Mir memoirs and their historical context is the topic of this presentation.