Terrorist attacks and thwarted plots dominate the news headlines of our times and frequently lead to heated debates over future policy and reassessments of our past. Undeniably, acts of terrorism transform societies and institutions in profound ways. This was no less true for Heian Japan where acts of domestic terrorism were crucial for the creation and maintenance of political authority. In particular, one act of domestic "terrorism"—the burning of the Ōten Gate of the Imperial Palace—was responsible for transforming the political landscape of the 9th century imperial court and played a decisive role in the establishment of the Fujiwara regency. Three hundred years after Tomo Yoshio was charged with the destruction of the Ōten Gate and sent into exile, the Ban dainagon ekotoba (The Illustrated Tale of Major Counselor Ban) immortalized this act of domestic terrorism in the form of a picture scroll. Despite being recognized as a national treasure and counted as one of Japan’s “Four Great Picture Scrolls,” the Ban dainagon ekotoba—along with its contents and the motivations for its production—remains largely a mystery. In this presentation, I argue that the unique combination of visual and textual information presented in the Ban dainagon ekotoba demonstrate that this story of domestic terrorism and its successful prosecution were revived to glorify the role of the Fujiwara regency and its power to remonstrate the emperor at a time when the Fujiwara sought to regain control of the regency and establish a future much like the imagined past.