East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, China (People's Republic)
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Examining the cross-border flow of support between parents at home, adult migrant children in the UK and overseas-born offspring, this paper discusses the multigenerational mixed-statusness as transnational families become older and move into different life stages. The multigenerational perspective highlights the significant role migration infrastructure plays in transnational family care arrangements. The different notions of family and its members’ roles in care provision responsibilities between different societies disrupt normal family lives through their inconsistent legitimization of family rights at both the local and trans-local level. This paper bases its argument on Chinese transnational one-child families whose initial separation between parents and their only child was motivated by overseas education, followed by the adult child’s employment and family formation in the UK. Transnational caregiving and care-receiving arrangements (and the ability to do so) between parents, migrant children, and overseas-born offspring, are largely shaped by the legal status of family members in the UK and in China. Uncertainties and ambivalence between generations emerged as a result of changing visa policies in Britain, a lack of internationally transferrable post-retirement welfare, and different perceptions of familial responsibilities in sending and host societies. These findings, therefore, highlight the importance of a multigenerational perspective on the consequences of mixed-statusness for transnational families.