Topical Area: Community and Public Health Nutrition
(P04-084-20) A Study on the Intervention Effect of Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Catering Employees in Fengtai District, Beijing
Objectives: To understand the status quo of nutrition related knowledge, attitude and behavior of catering employees in Fengtai District of Beijing, and to evaluate the effect of health education before and after intervention.
Methods: Using random cluster sampling method, 16 restaurants and 16 canteens in Fengtai District were selected, 8 restaurants and 8 canteens were intervened in health education for half a year, for the intervention group, regular knowledge training on nutrition deficiency, scientific diet processing, reasonable diet matching and other health education were carried out, and dietary knowledge Q & A activities were held; the practitioners were required to learn to use every health promotion tool, and actively show their use methods to the guests; the chefs of each unit at least mastered the production methods of 5 low oil and low salt dishes, and at least organized a cooking exchange activity about low oil and low salt dishes; check whether the service personnel guide customers to choose low salt and low oil diet and other comprehensive intervention measures. 8 restaurants and 8 canteens without intervention were taken as control group. After half a year, the effect of intervention was evaluated.
Results: In the intervention group, the awareness rate of nutrition knowledge increased from 15.83%～43.63% to 56.87%～78.34% (P < 0.01), while in the control group, the awareness rate of only one knowledge increased (P < 0.01); After intervention, the change rate of 7 nutrition related attitudes increased from 53.67%～63.51% to 67.04%～85.12% (P < 0.01), the change rate of 9 nutrition related behaviors increased from 44.79%～77.22% to 56.12%～87.95% (P < 0.01), and the increase rate was greater than that of the control group.
Conclusions: The health education intervention can improve the awareness rate of nutrition knowledge, enhance nutrition awareness and improve nutrition behavior.
Funding Sources: From Fengtai District Health System Research Project< Study on the nutritional knowledge, attitude and behavior intervention measures of the employees in the catering service units in Fengtai District（2019-130)
Fengtai Center for Disease Control and Prevention BEIJING, Beijing, China (People's Republic)