Background: In response to the demand of 2-year Post Graduate Year Training, which was established for the first new graduate of medical schools in XXX, for the implementation of EBP and Shared Decision Making, as well as the trend of cultivating nurse practitioners to carry out EBP, the medical libraries in XXX provide evidence-based literature retrieval skill training. However, most of the interface provided by the database is Google-like, which is different from the PICO framework. Therefore, this project hopes to create a tool to use the PICO framework to retrieve the most precise literature without having the advance research skill.
Description: The concept of interface design is based on PICO framework. With the function of mapping with medical subject heading, it helps users to increase the correctness of search strategy and also revised search strategy simultaneously. In addition, in order to meet the clinical needs, the clinical cases related elements such as age, gender, pregnancy, etc. are also provided in the literature filters; the conditions for selecting evidence-based literature are also provided, such as clinical queries, publication types, language, etc. All the search results will display after data deduping which also help users to do precious search strategy and retrieve data which are all evidence-based supported. According to the feedback from users, the integration workflow of EBP is easy to retrieve more clinical r literature and the usage of the database is increased by 48% in 2 years.
Conclusion: A medical center promoted this tool to medical staff through education and training in 2019. It was found that this tool helps to increase the efficiency of clinical related data retrieval with less time spending under the structure search interface design for PICO learning purposes. This tool also enhances the ability to understand and analyze clinical problems by simulating PICO framework and term mapping to MeSH. The implementation of this tool allows medical librarians to help hospital implement EBP in a more critical role in clinical practice.