Track: Sponsored Sessions
Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) were designed to provide multiple micronutrients embedded in a food base that also provides energy, protein and essential fatty acids. Three recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses showed that a) LNS given during pregnancy improved birth outcomes, b) LNS provided during the period of complementary feeding significantly reduced the prevalence of child stunting, wasting and anemia, and c) LNS provided to children significantly reduced all-cause mortality between 6 and 24 months. This session will provide an overview of the findings of these meta-analyses and report results of an individual participant data (IPD) analysis of pooled data from 14 randomized controlled trials in 9 countries (total N > 37,000). The IPD analysis was designed to identify the characteristics of individuals and study settings that may modify the effects of small-quantity (SQ) LNS provided to children 6-24 months of age on child growth, anemia, iron status, and development. Understanding which subgroups of infants and young children experience greater benefits from SQ-LNS, or are more likely to respond to the intervention, may be useful in informing the development of public health programs and policies.